The Tesalia Estate stands on 106 hectares against the backdrop of the iconic town of Arcos de la Frontera and the Grazalema mountains. Of the 22 hectares dedicated to the winery, 11 hectares are under vine, a further 30 hectares are dedicated to the horse breeding and competition area, and the rest is farmland.
The vineyards are planted on the slightly ondulating, north-facing sloope. The land is classic Andalusian terrain: clay soils lying above a subsoil of chalk. Scarcely fertile country, but ideal for Petit Verdot and Tintilla de Rota, and other varieties such as Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.
The climate at the Tesalia Estate is warm and sunny, tempered by the influences of the Grazalema mountain range, the Mediterranean and Atlantic oceans, the water mass from huge local reservoirs. Here, craftsmanship in the vineyard balances aeration and shade on gentle north facing slopes helped by cool air of the mountain and the sea breezes.
With an average annual temperature of 17.3ºc, between 600 and 700 mm of rain falls predominantly in winter. These characteristics create ripening conditions ideal for varieties such as Petit Verdot and the indigenous Tintilla de Rota.
Controlled irrigation is used when necessary to alleviate stressed vines and maximise the quality of our grapes. Leaf pulling and cluster thinning are important steps in aiding the ripening of the grapes
All grapes are hand-harvested at night and all 10 vineyard blocks vinified separately, then blended for added complexity. There is no set formula – the blends depend on the vintage. Even sections within a vineyard are monitored according to the acid/pH levels, natural sugar levels and flavour of the grapes, which are often picked over a two-week period to optimise ripeness and quality.
Extensive soil research led to the use of particular rootstocks and clones of both indigenous and international varieties, such as Petit Verdot and Tintilla de Rota. Other varieties planted are Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.